5G, Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things are set to define our future, but what can we expect from this relationship?
If you were not living in a cave during the last 2 or 3 years, you probably have heard about 5G. AI and IoT.
In many conversations I had, and in many articles, I’ve been reading during the last years, 5G, IoT, and AI has often been associated for many different reasons. And today, I want to explore this enjoyable technological cooperation.
It is more than the internet…
5G is far from being just fast internet. The next generation of mobile telephony is also a paradigm shift in our era. It will allow the use of devices and applications that only work through high data traffic.
In a character of technological revolution, 5G will allow it to become routine to see cars that drive by themselves, doctors that operate at a distance, robots that perform essential tasks in the industry, etc.
According to a recent survey by Qualcomm, already at an economic level and generating revenue of $ 13.2 trillion by 2035, 5G will help create about 22 million jobs by the same year.
The new world scenario with 5G seems like a description of an episode of Jetsons, but the truth is that this scenario is what awaits us in a short time — and no longer in a distant and hypothetical future.
Getting to know a little bit more about 5G
The first generation (the so-called 1G), it was he who allowed the use of those brick cell phones, a mark of the late 90s and early 2000s.
Then came 2G, the most prominent brand of which was SMS consolidation.
3G arrived soon after. Its differential was internet access, consolidated by 4G, which started to offer a faster internet — and we began to use the cell phone to see series and other actions that required a good connection.
Now it’s 5G’s turn. Although it is similar to 4G in the sense of needing antennas that transmit electromagnetic waves, to implement a 5G network, it is necessary to build many more structures to handle the waves. Hence, its existence affects the infrastructure of cities.
It is crucial to establish the main differentials of 5G concerning other internet generations:
- Ultra speed: it is estimated that browsing and downloading can be 10 to 20 times faster than we currently know.
- Low latency: do you know that delay when you talk on Skype with someone in another country? It will cease to exist. Today, a delay of 50 milliseconds is calculated; with 5G this number drops to 1 millisecond. This aspect will be critical, for example, to autonomous vehicles soon.
Getting to know a little bit more about AI
Artificial intelligence was created in 1956, but it only became popular today thanks to the increasing volumes of available data, advanced algorithms, and computing power and storage improvements.
The first AI research in the 1950s explored topics such as problem-solving and symbolic methods. It paved the way for the automation and the framework we see in today’s computers, including decision support systems and intelligent research systems that can be designed to complement and expand human capabilities.
Over these years, AI has evolved to provide many specific benefits for all industries.
Artificial intelligence is present in machines or devices that reproduce the human mind’s functioning in different activities.
These tasks are operated through machine learning, NLP, deep learning, pattern recognition, and sentiment analysis.
AI, more precisely its subsets like Machine Learning, Computer Vision or Natural Language Processing, is already present in our day, through digital assistants such as Siri, for example; also in e-commerce when using a chatbot to do customer service.
Whenever there is a technology with the capacity to make decisions autonomously, there is an AI behind it.
However, there is much more potential in the relationship between AI and the activities of our day.
And this is where the Internet of Things (or IoT) comes into the game.
Getting to know a little bit more about IoT
The Concept of the Internet of Things, in short, IoT, refers to the connection of various objects to the internet, in addition to those that we are already used to, such as smartphones, tablets, and computers.
These objects, combined with automated systems, can help collect information in real-time, analyze it, and create response actions as needed.
Thus, the Internet of Things is nothing more than an expansion of connectivity.
The search for an understanding of what IoT is and how this innovation will impact our daily lives has intensified.
Imagine that until very recently, a pocket watch marked hours, minutes, and seconds. Today, in addition to the alarm clock, we have smartwatches that make calls, count steps, send messages, carry personal information, and connect to social networks. Seeing the time has become almost a prop.
The idea of IoT is to make things smarter and more connected. Experts say that if you can turn something on and off, it can be connected and part of the IoT universe.
The meaning of IoT, or the internet of things, refers to the set of devices that are not naturally digital but can collect information, send, act on them, or all these actions.
We see IoT in the smart devices we wear daily, like watches that measure user habits. Indoors through devices capable of performing some task, such as voice-activated equipment or a refrigerator with food management tools.
Through a concept called the smart city, cities improve the elements available in the public space. With technology, it is possible to control car traffic, allowing the implantation of vehicle counts in transit and establishing new traffic light configurations.
Finally, IoT is present in the industry, automating some features, improving the supply chain using robots, and reducing errors occurring.
The revolution that is being discussed is represented in this triad: IA, 5G, and IoT: a concept format with three pillars:
- 5G: the fast network that helps applications work.
- Big data: the large volume of data to be processed.
- Artificial intelligence: the algorithms behind smart devices.
What will be the relationship between AI, 5G, and IoT?
The combination of AI, 5G, and IoT will move us to new ways of experiencing the world.
Combined, these technologies will create immense opportunities for users and businesses.
If we consider that in the past, 3G and 4G technologies represented, for people’s connectivity, the same as the first steps in the production and use of electricity: the solution of fundamental structural problems we can expect that 5G, together with Artificial Intelligence, will represent a turning point for the entire world economy.
Today, according to a report published by California-based network testing company Viavi Solutions, 5G is at least partially available in 378 cities in a total of 34 countries, and the consumer has been very receptive to technology.
With the adoption of 5G, users will consume, on average, three times more data than the 4G user. It means much more information will be available to the public. This will be a full plate for using technologies that improve consumer understanding like AI, big data, and IoT, among others.
As it is a new network that will address more complex problems than previous technologies, the 5G design will benefit from artificial intelligence.
AI will make it possible to predict how customers move around the network and where and at what time they make the most traffic.
Through machine learning, the 5G network will adjust parameters, configuration, and capacity automatically, having a clear benefit from artificial intelligence algorithms and features.
AI, more precisely Machine Learning, and the IoT are part of the world we live in, and very soon, 5G will be so.
It is an important start to pay attention to them to ensure a competitive advantage. Currently, the use of these tools drives businesses to generate automated and more agile services. This consequently impacts the final consumer.
5G will give more power to cloud computing and AI and creates new business possibilities, connecting people in different places around the world as if they were face to face, without delay in communication.
A little bit of confusion between AI and. It exists today because it is challenging to apply Artificial Intelligence to everyday situations without the Internet of Things.
With the enormous amount of data generated by objects connected to the internet, the algorithms make the machines learn and work.
Likewise, the IoT needs Artificial Intelligence to analyze the data collected without a human performing this processing to give immediate and automatic results.
Now the 5G enters in this equation with an unforeseen potential for acceleration and disruption.